About a year ago, Dr. Valerius Geist, Profesor Emeritus of Environmental Science, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, present to the Montana Legislature’s Environmental Quality Council, information about echinococcus granulosus, echinococcus multilocularis, hydatid disease, the contraction of the disease and how it is spread, etc. At the end of his presentation, he provide some preventive measures to reduce the spread of hydatid disease among humans.

Here is that list:

In areas with hydatid disease, do not touch freshly killed wild canids, except with rubber gloves and always wash your hands thereafter.

Put fresh skin into a plastic bag, and do not allow family members to touch it till the skin has been cleaned.

Clean fresh skin off hydatid eggs: submerge fresh skin in water laced with an anti-helminthic agent.

When out hiking and discovering the scat of wolves, coyotes or foxes, do not poke around in it trying to discover what food remains can be identified. Hydatid eggs can become airborne and get into your mouth.

Avoid picking berries or mushrooms where you find wolf, coyote or fox scat, as hydatid eggs will float onto surrounding vegetation, berries and mushrooms included.

Before camping make sure that there are no wolf, coyote or fox scats close by.

Eat only with very clean hands.

After a successful deer, elk or moose hunt etc in hydatid infected regions, suspend the liver and lungs over your camp fire till well cooked, and dispose of it. That should kill hydatid cysts.

PS. At the time of this writing, I had not anticipated wolves hunting elk and deer among homes in rural hamlets and defecating infected feces on lawns, driveways and school yards. Dogs will roll on wolf feces and carry the infectious eggs into homes, while cars driving over infected feces in driveways will carry infectious eggs into the family garage. The only sensible precaution is to get rid of the these habituated wolves as they are also a danger to children. икони